All Cotton production is forecast at 19.0 million 480-pound bales, up 1 percent from last month but down 12 percent from last year's 21.6 million bales.
Yield is expected to average 864 pounds per harvested acre, up 5 pounds from last month and up 50 pounds from 2006. If realized, the yield will be the largest on record surpassing the previous record of 855 pounds per acre set in 2004.
Harvested area of all cotton is expected to total 10.5 million acres, unchanged from last month but down 17 percent from last year. Upland cotton production is forecast at 18.2 million 480 pound bales, up 1 percent from last month but down 13 percent from last year.
A record high yield of 850 pounds per acre is forecast for upland cotton. Record yields are expected in Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas.
American-Pima production is forecast at a record high 831,500 bales, up 2 percent from last month and up 9 percent from last year.
American-Pima harvested area is expected to total 289,000 acres, unchanged from last month but down 11 percent from 2006.
Upland cotton harvested area, at 10.3 million acres, is unchanged from last month but down 17 percent from last year. American-Pima harvested area, at 289,000 acres, is also unchanged from November but down 11 percent from 2006.
In the Southeastern region, the continual drought conditions allowed producers in Alabama, North Carolina, and Virginia to make rapid harvest progress, well ahead of normal and last year. In Georgia, harvest was behind normal due to the later developing crop.
Objective yield measurements in Georgia show boll counts to be the third largest in the last 5 years.
In the Delta, good weather conditions throughout the fall allowed for excellent harvest conditions with all states progressing ahead of normal. In Missouri, Mississippi, and Louisiana harvest was complete by early November, while in Arkansas and Tennessee producers finished harvest by the middle of month.
The objective yield survey indicates Louisiana and Arkansas boll counts to be the highest on record. In Mississippi, boll counts and boll weights are slightly lower than the 5 year average.
Ideal weather in the Texas Plains allowed harvest to advance rapidly during the first part of the month. Harvest was ahead of normal even though the crop was planted later than normal and development lagged behind the 5 year average.
During the middle of November, freezing rain and snow slowed harvest, but by the end of the month 69 percent of the crop had been harvested.
Objective yield measurements in Texas show boll counts and boll weights to be the largest on record.
In Kansas, ideal weather allowed harvest to advance ahead of normal. In Oklahoma, producers were slightly behind normal at month's end.
In California, cotton harvest was complete in the San Joaquin Valley by the end of November. Ideal weather in Arizona allowed cotton producers to harvest their crop at a normal pace.
Data from the objective yield survey show California boll weights to be largest on record.