Southern winter wheat production in 2014 is expected to be less than in 2013. Southeast wheat farmers report good yields but regional average yields expected to be less than in 2013, according to the latest National Agricultural Statistics Service field office reports.
U.S. winter wheat production looks to be 1.38 billion bushels, down 10 percent from 2013. The national average yield is forecast to be 42.4 bushels per acre, down five bushels from last year. The expected area to be harvested for grain or seed totals 32.6 million acres, up 1 percent from last year.
Tennessee farmers expect to harvest 35 million bushels of winter wheat during 2014, 9 percent less than their 2013 production, according to the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service field office in the state.
Tennessee growers expect a yield of 70 bushels per acre, down 1 bushel from 2013. Farmers planted 560,000 acres last fall with 500,000 acres to be harvested for grain. Acres for other uses totaled 60,000 acres and will be used as cover crop for tobacco or cut as silage or hay.
Wheat condition remained steady throughout the month, with 82 percent rated good to excellent as of June 1.
Kentucky farmers expect to harvest 36.5 million bushels of winter wheat during 2014, 20 percent less than in 2013, according to the NASS office in Kentucky. Kentucky wheat growers expect a yield of 73 bushels per acre, down 2 bushels from 2013. Farmers planted 620,000 acres last fall with 500,000 acres to be harvested for grain. Acres for other uses totaled 120,000 acres and will be used as cover crop for tobacco or cut as silage or hay.
The beginning of May saw below-normal temperatures and above-normal precipitation, but as the month progressed temperatures warmed to above normal with below-normal precipitation in Kentucky. For the week ending June 1, the crop was rated 2 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 21 percent fair, 53 percent good and 19 percent excellent. There were some reports of smaller head size than last year and head scab, but overall producers seem optimistic, according to the Kentucky office. Although behind average, the crop had headed by end of May.
Georgia farmers planted 230,000 acres for 2014 harvest, or 120,000 acres less than they planted in 2013. Georgia wheat yields look to be a solid 58 bushels per acre average, down two bushels per acre from 2013, for a total production of around 13 million bushels in 2014.