Fifty years ago, Christian County farmer Harry Young Jr. planted the nation’s first commercial no-till crop — less than an acre of corn.
It changed agriculture forever.
This year, the University of Kentucky College of Agriculture is celebrating the anniversary of this milestone with a series of events. Young’s son, John, is the featured speaker of the S.H. Phillips Lecture in No-till Agriculture. The late Shirley Phillips was a UK field crops specialist who worked with the late Harry Young to advance the no-till movement. The lecture is at 1 p.m. EST Nov. 30 in the Cameron Williams Lecture Hall in UK’s Plant Sciences Building. It is open to the public.
“No-till is one of the top five agricultural advances of the past century,” said Lloyd Murdock, UK Extension soils specialist.
“We weren’t able to control soil erosion until no-till came along, and if the erosion had continued, Kentucky producers would not have been able to compete well with the rest of the nation because of our sloping topography and eroded soils.”
“Today, we sometimes take no-till production for granted, but 50 years ago, it was a revolutionary idea,” said Bob Pearce, UK Extension tobacco specialist and organizer of the lecture. “People like Shirley Phillips and Harry Young had the vision to see past the early problems to the potential of what no-till could be.”
John Young said his father learned about no-till production while on a 1961 farmer field trip to Dixon Springs, Ill., led by Reeves Davie, Christian County agriculture agent with the UK Cooperative Extension Service, and by reading the book, “Plowman’s Folly” by Edward H. Faulkner.
“He suspected no-till was better for labor, machine efficiency and soil conservation,” said John Young, who was 11 years old when his father planted the first no-till crop. “Having worked as a farm management specialist at UK and then returning to the farm, he thought it would be advantageous from the everyday farmer’s standpoint.”
He was right. Shortly after that first harvest, Phillips sat up no-till research plots on Young’s farm and became a major advocate for the no-till movement.
“In addition to stopping erosion, no-till agriculture has several benefits including improved soil quality, increased soil organic matter, easier and faster, and saves producers time, money, labor and stress,” Murdock said.
No-till research had been going on for some time before Young’s first crop, but was largely unsuccessful due to weed control issues. Young used the herbicides 2, 4-D and atrazine for weed control and used a modified mule-drawn, two-row planter he pulled behind a small tractor to put the first crop in the ground.
When it appeared that Young’s first crop was going to be a success, Davie scheduled a field day for other producers to see Young’s plot.
“It was a busy time for about 10 years,” John Young said. “Typically, we’d have one tour a week or one tour every two weeks during the growing season. The tours would come from all over the United States as well as Argentina, Brazil, Spain and South Africa.”
Some farmers readily began using no-tillage, but others were hesitant and didn’t come on board until better machinery and weed control methods became available in the 1980s.Today, Murdock said that about 70 percent of the state’s wheat acreage, 50 percent of the corn acreage and 80 percent of soybean acreage is no-till.
The Youngs continue to no-till as much of their crop acreage as possible and planted their 51st no-till crop this year.
“No-till is about as sustainable as you can get,” John Young said. “The ground is sustained; the food supply is sustained, and the human race is sustained.”
More information about the UK Plant and Soil Sciences Department’s celebration of the 50th anniversary of no-till will be available in the coming weeks at http://www.ca.uky.edu/PSS/.