Renewable fuels are coming of age and that's great for rural America. As the nation works to reduce our dependence on foreign sources of oil, the potential for renewable fuels on the agricultural economy can be summed up in three words: positive, significant and imminent.
The road to energy independence runs through the farm, and USDA Rural Development is playing a key role in encouraging the new agriculture economy represented by the renewable fuels industry.
Since the beginning of the Bush Administration, USDA Rural Development has invested $420.6 million in renewable energy and energy efficiency projects and in doing so has leveraged over $1.3 billion in private investment. We're not alone in this effort. Other USDA agencies are also working to increase America's renewable fuel output. In 2006 alone, USDA's outlay for bioenergy and biobased product development will total an estimated $272 million. The Department of Energy is also a key player in this effort.
This emergence of renewable fuels has been long in the making. Renewable energy is not new: Rudolf Diesel ran some of his early engines on peanut oil, and as far back as the 1920s Henry Ford thought ethanol would be the fuel of the future.
For most of the last century, however, abundant and cheap petroleum dominated the transportation fuel market. But thanks to soaring oil costs, that era is coming to an end.
Ethanol and biodiesel production in the U.S. is skyrocketing. America last year produced 4 billion gallons of ethanol, and that figure is expected to rise to 10 billion gallons by 2010. Biodiesel production has risen from an insignificant 500,000 gallons per year in 1999 to 245 million gallons this year. Demand for these fuels is having a positive impact on corn and soybean prices.
While the future for biofuels — and other renewable energy sources including wind, solar and geothermal — is bright, much is still to be done in the area of research and development. With that in mind, the Department of Energy and USDA will co-host an important conference "Advancing Renewable Energy, An American Rural Renaissance." This event, which will be held in St. Louis, Mo., from Oct. 10-12, will bring together leaders from across the spectrum of government and the renewable fuels industry to promote clean, domestically produced renewable energy. I encourage you to attend and hope you will visit www.advancingrenewableenergy.com for details.
This gathering furthers the objectives outlined in President Bush's Advanced Energy Initiative (AEI). Even before he took office, the President was a leader in the effort to increase energy production here at home. He advanced a comprehensive energy strategy in 2001, led the fight to enact the Energy Policy Act of 2005, and outlined an accelerated strategy for new energy technologies — the AEI — in his most recent State of the Union Address.
As the President has emphasized, America is clearly awash in energy potential. The challenge is funding the research and development needed to unlock these resources and get them to market. This is urgent: some studies have shown that America's energy demand could increase by 30 percent by the year 2030. While America's energy output is also expected to increase, demand is projected to outstrip supply.
The drive for energy independence will therefore continue. While high energy costs pose a challenge for farm economies (the cost of energy for farms has doubled since 2003) rural America is also poised to reap substantial benefits from energy production.
Renewable energy is rural energy. Through the construction of wind farms, fuel production facilities and even geothermal sites, many locally owned, new sources of jobs and wealth are being created. This wealth will help renew rural America, creating a renaissance that will not only boost rural America, but will benefit our nation for generations to come.